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Improvements of a basic design

The basic construction and form of the guillotine has remained the same since it’s first appearance in 1792 to the abolition of the death penalty in 1981. However changes and improvements were made along the way.

The major improvements were made in 1871, when Berger an executioner's assistant changed the design of the guillotine to its final form.

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1792

The model to your left is as close as we can get to the original revolutionary guillotine from 1792.

1792 construction

The model to your right is the improved model from 1870, which was used until 1977.

1870 construction

1870
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1870
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